Longitudinal Associations between Bullying and Emotions in Deaf and Hard of Hearing Adolescents

E. Broekhof, M. G. N. Bos, Marina Camodeca, Carolien Rieffe

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In hearing adolescents, emotions play important roles in the development of bullying and victimization. Yet, it is unclear whether this also applies to adolescents who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH). The present study examines the longitudinal associations of anger, fear, guilt, and shame with bullying/victimization in DHH adolescents. Overall, 80 DHH and 227 hearing adolescents(Mage = 11.7; 103 males) completed self-reports on two occasions with a 9-month interval. Outcomes show that DHH adolescents reported fewer bullying behaviors, but more victimization compared to hearing adolescents. Longitudinal relations between emotions and bullying/victimization did not differ between DHH and hearing adolescents. More anger and less guilt predicted increased bullying, and more bullying predicted increased anger and decreased guilt. Higher levels of anger, fear, and shame predicted increased victimization, and more victimization predicted increased anger, fear, and shame. These findings emphasize that emotions are involved in both the emergence and maintenance of bullying and victimization. These outcomes have clinical implications for the prevention of bullying.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-27
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Volume23
Issue number1
Early online date8 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bullying
Crime Victims
Hearing
victimization
Emotions
emotion
exclusion
adolescent
anger
Anger
Shame
shame
Guilt
guilt
Fear
anxiety
role play
Self Report
Longitudinal Studies
Maintenance

Cite this

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abstract = "In hearing adolescents, emotions play important roles in the development of bullying and victimization. Yet, it is unclear whether this also applies to adolescents who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH). The present study examines the longitudinal associations of anger, fear, guilt, and shame with bullying/victimization in DHH adolescents. Overall, 80 DHH and 227 hearing adolescents(Mage = 11.7; 103 males) completed self-reports on two occasions with a 9-month interval. Outcomes show that DHH adolescents reported fewer bullying behaviors, but more victimization compared to hearing adolescents. Longitudinal relations between emotions and bullying/victimization did not differ between DHH and hearing adolescents. More anger and less guilt predicted increased bullying, and more bullying predicted increased anger and decreased guilt. Higher levels of anger, fear, and shame predicted increased victimization, and more victimization predicted increased anger, fear, and shame. These findings emphasize that emotions are involved in both the emergence and maintenance of bullying and victimization. These outcomes have clinical implications for the prevention of bullying.",
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Longitudinal Associations between Bullying and Emotions in Deaf and Hard of Hearing Adolescents. / Broekhof, E.; Bos, M. G. N. ; Camodeca, Marina; Rieffe, Carolien.

In: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.2018, p. 17-27.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - In hearing adolescents, emotions play important roles in the development of bullying and victimization. Yet, it is unclear whether this also applies to adolescents who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH). The present study examines the longitudinal associations of anger, fear, guilt, and shame with bullying/victimization in DHH adolescents. Overall, 80 DHH and 227 hearing adolescents(Mage = 11.7; 103 males) completed self-reports on two occasions with a 9-month interval. Outcomes show that DHH adolescents reported fewer bullying behaviors, but more victimization compared to hearing adolescents. Longitudinal relations between emotions and bullying/victimization did not differ between DHH and hearing adolescents. More anger and less guilt predicted increased bullying, and more bullying predicted increased anger and decreased guilt. Higher levels of anger, fear, and shame predicted increased victimization, and more victimization predicted increased anger, fear, and shame. These findings emphasize that emotions are involved in both the emergence and maintenance of bullying and victimization. These outcomes have clinical implications for the prevention of bullying.

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