Looking beyond the data: An assessment of the emerging data ecosystem of Nepal's flood early warning systems

Stella Van Esch, Marc Van Den Homberg, Kees Boersma

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Increasingly, data-driven instruments are used in disaster risk reduction to foster more efficient, effective, and evidence-based decision-making. This data revolution brings along opportunities and challenges, which are sometimes related to the data itself, but more often seem related to the environment in which the data is put to use. To provide insight into such an emerging data ecosystem, this paper uses a qualitative case study to assess the use of data in flood early warning systems (EWS) in Nepal. In response to the research question 'How does the data ecosystem impact the opportunities and challenges regarding data use in flood early warning systems in Nepal?', this paper discusses the importance of considering the broader context instead of regarding data as an entity unto itself. It shows how actors, policies and other contextual factors impact the effectiveness of data use by either presenting opportunities, like the establishment of a national disaster data repository, or challenges, like inadequate human resources for working with data.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationISCRAM 2021 - Proceedings
Subtitle of host publication18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
EditorsAnouck Adrot, Rob Grace, Kathleen Moore, Christopher W. Zobel
PublisherInformation Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM
Pages282-293
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781949373615
Publication statusPublished - May 2021
Event18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2021 - Blacksburg, United States
Duration: 23 May 202126 May 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International ISCRAM Conference
Volume2021-May
ISSN (Electronic)2411-3387

Conference

Conference18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBlacksburg
Period23/05/2126/05/21

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank our interviewees for so generously making time to provide us with their valuable insights. We would like to express our gratitude to Heleen Elenbaas (510) for her contributions to this study. We are grateful as well for the support of the Nepalese Red Cross Society and the EU ECHO-III Preparedness for emergency response in the Western Region of Nepal project.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Data ecosystem
  • Early warning systems
  • Floods
  • Nepal
  • Social shaping of technology

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