Low-frequency songs lose their potency in noisy urban conditions

Wouter Halfwerk, Sander Bot, Jasper Buikx, Marco van der Velde, Jan Komdeur, Carel ten Cate, Hans Slabbekoorn

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14549-14554
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2011


  • signal evolution
  • noise pollution
  • frequency-dependent masking
  • extra-pair paternity
  • signal trade-off

Cite this