Low-Intensity Wheelchair Training in Inactive People with Long-Term Spinal Cord Injury

J.W. van der Scheer, S. de Groot, R.J.K. Vegter, J. Hartog, M. Tepper, J.H. Slootman, H.E.J. Veeger, L.H.V. van der Woude

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a low-intensity wheelchair training on propulsion technique in inactive people with long-term spinal cord injury. Design Participants in this multicenter nonblinded randomized controlled trial were inactive manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injury for at least 10 yrs (N = 29), allocated to exercise (n = 14) or no exercise. The 16-wk training consisted of wheelchair treadmill propulsion at 30%-40% heart rate reserve or equivalent in rate of perceived exertion, twice a week, 30 mins per session. Propulsion technique was assessed at baseline as well as after 8, 16, and 42 wks during two submaximal treadmill-exercise blocks using a measurement wheel attached to a participant's own wheelchair. Changes over time between the groups were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U tests on difference scores (P < 0.05/3). Results Data of 16 participants could be analyzed (exercise: n = 8). Significant differences between the exercise and control groups were only found in peak force after 8 wks (respective medians, -20 N vs. 1 N; P = 0.01; r
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)975–986
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume94
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015

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Wheelchairs
Spinal Cord Injuries
Nonparametric Statistics
Randomized Controlled Trials
Heart Rate
Control Groups

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van der Scheer, J. W., de Groot, S., Vegter, R. J. K., Hartog, J., Tepper, M., Slootman, J. H., ... van der Woude, L. H. V. (2015). Low-Intensity Wheelchair Training in Inactive People with Long-Term Spinal Cord Injury. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 94(11), 975–986. https://doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000000289
van der Scheer, J.W. ; de Groot, S. ; Vegter, R.J.K. ; Hartog, J. ; Tepper, M. ; Slootman, J.H. ; Veeger, H.E.J. ; van der Woude, L.H.V. / Low-Intensity Wheelchair Training in Inactive People with Long-Term Spinal Cord Injury. In: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2015 ; Vol. 94, No. 11. pp. 975–986.
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van der Scheer, JW, de Groot, S, Vegter, RJK, Hartog, J, Tepper, M, Slootman, JH, Veeger, HEJ & van der Woude, LHV 2015, 'Low-Intensity Wheelchair Training in Inactive People with Long-Term Spinal Cord Injury' American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 94, no. 11, pp. 975–986. https://doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000000289

Low-Intensity Wheelchair Training in Inactive People with Long-Term Spinal Cord Injury. / van der Scheer, J.W.; de Groot, S.; Vegter, R.J.K.; Hartog, J.; Tepper, M.; Slootman, J.H.; Veeger, H.E.J.; van der Woude, L.H.V.

In: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 94, No. 11, 01.11.2015, p. 975–986.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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