Management and outcome of 35 cases with foetal/neonatal alloimmune neutropenia

R. Van Den Tooren-De Groot, M. Ottink, E. Huiskes, A. Van Rossum, B. Van Der Voorn, J. Slomp, M. De Haas, L. Porcelijn

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© 2014 Foundation Acta Pædiatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.Aim The aim of this study was to provide an overview of foetal/neonatal alloimmune neutropenia (FNAIN), together with advice on the clinical management. Methods Neutrophil serology in the Netherlands is centralised at Sanquin Diagnostic Services. We examined FNAIN cases between January 1, 1991, and July 1, 2013, to determine the number of cases diagnosed, the relationship with human neutrophil antigen (HNA) antibody, the clinical presentation and therapeutic interventions. Results We identified 35 FNAIN cases. The detected HNA antibodies were as follows: anti-HNA-1a (n = 7), anti-HNA-1b (n = 12), anti-HNA-1c (n = 2), anti-HNA-2 (n = 8), anti-HNA-3a (n = 1), anti-HNA-5a (n = 1) and anti-FcγRIIIb (n = 4). No infections were diagnosed in 14 neonates, and the other 21 neonates suffered from omphalitis (n = 6), urinary tract infection (n = 1), candida mucositis (n = 1), fever of unknown origin (n = 6) and sepsis (n = 7, 20%). Parity, gestational age, birthweight, neutrophil counts and antibody specificity were not significantly different for cases with, and without, infections. All the infected children were treated with antibiotics. No children died. Conclusion More than half (21) of the 35 cases of FNAIN presented with infections and most implicated were HNA-1a, HNA-1b and HNA-2. Treatment with antibiotics seemed adequate. A neonatal neutropenia workflow model for use in neonatal intensive care units is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e467-e474
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes


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