Manipulation and Control of Molecular Beams

S.Y.T. van de Meerakker, H.L. Bethlem, N. Vanhaecke, G. Meijer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


A study was conducted to demonstrate the manipulation of molecular beams with electric and magnetic fields. Seeded pulsed supersonic expansions were employed to conduct the investigations. The conservative forces exerted further downstream by the electric and magnetic fields enabled the researchers to manipulate and control the shape and the position of the distribution in the six-dimensional phase-space. All of the original experimental geometries were devised to create strong magnetic or electric field gradients to efficiently deflect particles from the beam axis. It was demonstrated that a detailed understanding of the influence of the external field on the energy level structure of the molecules was required for the manipulation of molecules with electric or magnetic fields.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4828-4878
JournalChemical Reviews
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Bibliographical note

van de Meerakker, Sebastiaan Y. T. Bethlem, Hendrick L. Vanhaecke, Nicolas Meijer, Gerard


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