Objective: To determine whether employees with disabilities were initially assigned to jobs with work demands that matched their work capacities. Participants: Forty-six employees with various physical, mental, sensory and multiple disabilities working in a sheltered workshop. Methods: Physical and psychosocial work capacities were assessed post-offer and pre-placement using the Ergo-Kit and Melba. Work demands of the jobs were determined by workplace assessments with TRAC and Melba and were compared with the work capacities. Results: Of the 46 employees, 25 employees were not physically overloaded. When physical overload occurred, it was most often due to regular lifting. All employees were physically underloaded on six or more work activities, most often due to finger dexterity and manipulation. Almost all employees (n=43) showed psychosocial overload or underload on one or more psychosocial characteristics. Psychosocial overload was most often due to endurance (long-term work performance), while psychosocial underload was most often due to speaking and writing. Conclusion: Despite the assessment of work capacities at job placement, underload and overload occurred on both physical activities and psychosocial characteristics. Assessing both work capacities and work demands before job placement is recommended. At job placement more attention should be paid to overloading due to lifting and long-term work performance. © 2012 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|