Measurement properties of performance-based instruments to assess mental function during activity and participation in traumatic brain injury: A systematic review

Lola Qvist Kristensen, Marie Almkvist Muren, Annemette Krintel Petersen, Maurits W van Tulder, Lisa Gregersen Oestergaard

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticle


Background: Performance-based measures that focus primarily on the ability to engage in ADL are routinely used by occupational therapists to assess a client's cognitive abilities.Objective: To perform a systematic review to investigate measurement properties of performance-based instruments to assess mental function during activity and participation in individuals with traumatic brain injury.Material and methods: Pubmed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and OTseeker were searched. The Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health measurement instruments checklist was used to evaluate methodological quality of each included study. The quality criteria adapted by Terwee were applied to extract the results of each measurement property followed by a best evidence synthesis.Results: Twenty-eight articles, including 40 ratings of measurement properties, were included. The combination of the Functional Independence Measure and the Functional Assessment Measure showed moderate evidence of good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha 0.99), but conflicting evidence of reliability (ICC 0.83) and poor evidence of construct validity. All other instruments showed limited or unknown evidence.Conclusions: This review provides an overview of measurement properties of performance-based instruments and contributes to such methodological considerations before choosing an instrument. Though, the results reveal a lack of high-quality evidence for any of the measurement properties, it is recommended to use tools with the highest possible evidence for positive ratings.Significance: This review contributes with psychometric evidence on instruments to use in occupational therapy practice and research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalScandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Nov 2019



  • Brain injury
  • cognitive impairment
  • ecological validity
  • psychometric properties
  • rehabilitation
  • reliability
  • validity

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