Measuring exposure to media with antisocial and prosocial content: An extended version of the Content-based Media Exposure scale (C-ME2)

A.H. den Hamer, E.A. Konijn, B.J. Bushman

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The present research developed a measure for exposure to both antisocial and prosocial media content by revising and extending a previous Content-based Media Exposure Scale (C-ME). The validity and reliability of the C-ME2 was tested in two independent samples (N = 678), among young adults (Study 1) and adolescents (Study 2). Results of Confirmatory Factor Analyses showed good fit, in both studies, for both antisocial and prosocial dimensions of media content, and for both males and females. Furthermore, the C-ME2 explains unique variance beyond previous measures of violent and general media exposure. Evidence is presented of reliability, discriminant and predictive validity of the C-ME2, measuring both frequency and exposure to specific content of media. The C-ME2 covers all media platforms, is easy to use in all research designs, and allows for standardization and systematic comparisons across studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-299
Number of pages11
JournalCommunication Methods and Measures
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2017

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