Mechanical force-induced TGFBI increases expression of SOST/POSTN by hPDL cells

J. Manokawinchoke, N. Limjeerajarus, C. Limjeerajarus, P. Sastravaha, V. Everts, P. Pavasant

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The aim of this study was to investigate the response of human periodontal ligament (hPDL) fibroblasts to an intermittent compressive force and its effect on the expression of SOST, POSTN, and TGFB1. A computerized cell compressive force loading apparatus was introduced, and hPDL cells were subjected to intermittent compressive force. The changes in messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression were monitored by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis, respectively. An increased expression of SOST, POSTN, and TGFB1 was observed in a time-dependent fashion. Addition of cycloheximide, a transforming growth factor (TGF)-β inhibitor (SB431542), or a neutralizing antibody against TGF-β1 attenuated the force-induced expression of SOST and POSTN as well as sclerostin and periostin, indicating a role of TGF-β1 in the pressure-induced expression of these proteins. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis revealed an increased level of TGF-β1 in the cell extracts but not in the medium, suggesting that intermittent compressive force promoted the accumulation of TGF-β1 in the cells or their surrounding matrix. In conclusion, an intermittent compressive force regulates SOST/POSTN expression by hPDL cells via the TGF-β1 signaling pathway. Since these proteins play important roles in the homeostasis of the periodontal tissue, our results indicate the importance of masticatory forces in this process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)983-989
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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