Mechanical output about the ankle in countermovement jumps and jumps with extended knee

J. B. de Graaf*, M. F. Bobbert, W. E. Tetteroo, G. J. van Ingen Schenau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In this study the mechanical output (e.g., force, contraction velocity, instantaneous power) about the ankle was measured during a jump with and without occurrence of transportation of power and pre-stretch potentiation. To examine this, a model of the m. triceps surae was used. Eleven subjects performed a maximal one-legged countermovement jump (CMJ) and a maximal one-legged jump with extended knee (EKJ). Ground reaction forces, cinematographic data and electromyograms of m. triceps surae were recorded. The power output, defined as the product of moment and angular velocity, and work done about the ankle were higher during CMJ (1404 W, 130 J) than during EKJ (852 W, 76 J). The peak moments were the same during both jumps. The model of the m. triceps surae showed that the power delivered by m. triceps surae was higher during CMJ than during EKJ, as a result of catapult-action of m. gastrocnemius tendon. The difference in work done is explained, in addition to transportation of energy, by a greater contraction range of m. soleus during CMJ. There is no reason to assume that pre-stretch potentiation plays a role in the difference in mechanical output. The results show that the mechanical output of muscles in complex movements is strongly dependent on the dynamics of the movement, and not only on its contractile capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-347
Number of pages15
JournalHuman Movement Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1987


Dive into the research topics of 'Mechanical output about the ankle in countermovement jumps and jumps with extended knee'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this