Mechanical output about the ankle joint in isokinetic plantar flexion and jumping

M F Bobbert, G J van Ingen Schenau

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The purpose of this study was to compare for a group of ten subjects the mechanical output about the ankle during isokinetic plantar flexion with that during one-legged vertical jumps. For evaluation of the mechanical output the plantar flexion moment of force was related to the angular velocity of plantar flexion. The relationship for isokinetic plantar flexion was obtained using an isokinetic dynamometer; that for plantar flexion in jumping was obtained by combining kinematics and ground reaction forces. It was found that, at any given angular velocity of plantar flexion above 1 rad.s-1, the subjects produced much larger moments during jumping than during isokinetic plantar flexion. In order to explain the observed differences in mechanical output about the ankle, a model was used to simulate isokinetic plantar flexion and plantar flexion during jumping. The model represented both m. soleus and m. gastrocnemius as a complex composed of elastic tissue in series with muscle fibers. The force of the muscle fibers depended on fiber length, shortening velocity (Vfibers), and active state. The input variables of the model were histories of shortening velocities of the complexes, determined from kinematics, and active state. Among the output variables were Vfibers and plantar flexion moment. The simulation results were very similar to the experimental findings. According to the simulation results there are two reasons why at the same angular velocity of plantar flexion larger moments were produced during jumping than during isokinetic plantar flexion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)660-8
Number of pages9
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1990


  • Adult
  • Ankle Joint
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Foot
  • Humans
  • Isometric Contraction
  • Male
  • Muscle Contraction
  • Muscles
  • Physical Exertion
  • Comparative Study
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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