Mental Health Outcomes of Psychosocial Intervention Among Traditional Health Practitioner Depressed Patients in Kenya

Christine W. Musyimi, Victoria N. Mutiso, David M. Ndetei*, David C. Henderson, J.G.F. Bunders-Aelen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Task-shifting in mental health such as engaging Traditional Health Practitioners (THPs) in appropriate management of mental disorders is crucial in reducing global mental health challenges. This study aims to determine the outcomes of using evidence-based mental health Global Action Programme Intervention guide (mhGAP-IG) to provide psychosocial interventions among depressed patients seeking care from THPs. THPs were trained to deliver psychosocial interventions to their patients screening positive for mild to severe depression on Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI). Assessments were conducted at 0, 6 and 12 weeks and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) performed to determine the change in depression scores over the three time period. BDI mean score was 26.52 before intervention and reduced significantly at 6 (13%) and 12 (35%) weeks after intervention. 58 and 78% of patients showed reduction in symptoms of depression at 6 and 12 weeks. It is therefore crucial to engage THPs in the care of patients with depression and the need for inclusion of training packages; and other mental disorders in order to establish and maintain collaboration between THPs and conventional health workers and promote evidence-based care among marginalized populations. Moreover, further research on randomized control trials of mhGAP-IG intervention versus usual care is required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-465
Number of pages13
JournalCulture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Kenya
  • mhGAP-IG
  • Psychosocial intervention
  • Traditional Health Practitioner

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