Meta-analyses identify 13 loci associated with age at menopause and highlight DNA repair and immune pathways

L. Stolk, J.R.B. Perry, D.I. Chasman, C. He, M. Mangino, P. Sulem, M. Barbalic, L. Broer, E.M. Byrne, F. Ernst, T. Esko, N. Franceschini, D.F. Gudbjartsson, J.J. Hottenga, P. Kraft, P.F. McArdle, E. Porcu, S.Y. Shin, A.V. Smith, S. van WingerdenG. Zhai, W.V. Zhuang, E. Albrecht, BZ Alizadeh, T. Aspelund, E.J.C. de Geus, J.M. Vink, G. Willemsen, D.I. Boomsma, L. Crisponi, E.W. Demerath, V. Gudnason, T.B. Harris, F.B. Hu, D.J. Hunter, L.J. Launer, A. Metspalu, G.W. Montgomery, B.A. Oostra, P.M. Ridker, S. Sanna, D. Schlessinger, T.D. Spector, K. Stefansson, E.A. Streeten, U. Thorsteinsdottir, M. Uda, A.G. Uitterlinden, C.M. van Duijn, H. Völzke, A. Murray, J.M. Murabito, J.A. Visser, K.L. Lunetta

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


To newly identify loci for age at natural menopause, we carried out a meta-analysis of 22 genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in 38,968 women of European descent, with replication in up to 14,435 women. In addition to four known loci, we identified 13 loci newly associated with age at natural menopause (at P < 5 - 10 g8). Candidate genes located at these newly associated loci include genes implicated in DNA repair (EXO1, HELQ, UIMC1, FAM175A, FANCI, TLK1, POLG and PRIM1) and immune function (IL11, NLRP11 and PRRC2A (also known as BAT2)). Gene-set enrichment pathway analyses using the full GWAS data set identified exoDNase, NF-I °B signaling and mitochondrial dysfunction as biological processes related to timing of menopause. © 2012 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-268
JournalNature Genetics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Cohort Studies

  • Netherlands Twin Register (NTR)


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