Metabolic regio- and stereoselectivity of cytochrome P450 2D6 towards 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-alkylamphetamines: in silico predictions and experimental validation

P.H.J. Keizers, C. de Graaf, F.J.J. de Kanter, B.C. Oostenbrink, K.A. Feenstra, J.N.M. Commandeur, N.P.E. Vermeulen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

A series of 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-alkylamphetamines (MDAAs) were automatically docked and subjected to molecular dynamics (MD) simulations in a cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) protein model. The predicted substrate binding orientations, sites of oxidation, and relative reactivities were compared to the experimental data of wild-type and Phe120Ala mutant CYP2D6. Automated docking results were not sufficient to accurately rationalize experimental binding orientations of 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA) in the two enzymes as measured with spin lattice relaxation NMR. Nevertheless, the docking results could be used as starting structures for MD simulations. Predicted binding orientations of MDMA and sites of oxidation of the MDAAs derived from MD simulations matched well with the experimental data. It appeared the experimental results were best described in MD simulations considering the nitrogen atoms of the MDAAs in neutral form. Differences in regioselectivity and stereoselectivity in the oxidative metabolism of the MDAAs by the Phe120Ala mutant CYP2D6 were correctly predicted, and the effects of the Phe120Ala mutation could be rationalized as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6117-27
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume48
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2005

Keywords

  • Amphetamines
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Models, Molecular
  • Mutation
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Stereoisomerism
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Journal Article

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