A number of chloroanilines were extracted from soil by means of miniaturised pressurised liquid extraction (PLE). The extraction procedure was optimised for both large-volume on-column (LV-OC) and programmed-temperature vaporisation (PTV) injections combined with GC-MS. Hexane was the only extraction solvent suited for LV-OC and hexane/acetone gave the best results when using a PTV. Overall, the hexane/acetone-plus-PTV procedure shows better results than the hexane-plus-LV-OC method in terms of analyte recovery (36-109% versus 5-87%), repeatability (8-13% versus 4-31%) and detection limits. Both approaches allow detection of the chloroanilines in complex soil samples down to the 5-50 ng/g range. However, the PTV-based procedure is superior as regards robustness: over one hundred samples can be analysed without any maintenance being required. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.