Missing observations in observation-driven time series models

F. Blasques, P. Gorgi*, S. J. Koopman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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We argue that existing methods for the treatment of missing observations in time-varying parameter observation-driven models lead to inconsistent inference. We provide a formal proof of this inconsistency for a Gaussian model with time-varying mean. A Monte Carlo simulation study supports this theoretical result and illustrates how the inconsistency problem extends to score-driven and, more generally, to observation-driven models, which include well-known models for conditional volatility. To overcome the problem of inconsistent inference, we propose a novel estimation procedure based on indirect inference. This easy-to-implement method delivers consistent inference. The asymptotic properties of the new method are formally derived. Our proposed estimation procedure shows a promising performance in a Monte Carlo simulation exercise as well as in an empirical study concerning the measurement of conditional volatility from financial returns data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)542-568
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Econometrics
Issue number2
Early online date18 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Consistency
  • Indirect inference
  • Missing data
  • Observation-driven models
  • Volatility


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