Mixed-mode chromatography with zwitterionic phosphopeptidomimetic selectors from Ugi multicomponent reaction

Andrea F G Gargano, Tomas Leek, Wolfgang Lindner, Michael Lämmerhofer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In the present contribution a novel Ugi multicomponent reaction (MCR) was used to generate zwitterionic chromatographic selectors with capability for application in mixed-mode chromatography featuring complementary selectivities in reversed-phase (RP) and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC). Aminophosphonate zwitterionic chromatographic ligands were synthesized adopting a one pot microwave assisted three-component UGI-MCR synthesis and, after purification, were immobilized by thiol-ene click chemistry on silica beads. Chromatographic characteristics of these stationary phases were evaluated by variation of experimental conditions for a set of diverse analytes with neutral, acidic, basic and zwitterionic character revealing the presence of multimodal retention capabilities (i.e. tunable retention increments from ion exchange, hydrophobic and hydrophilic interaction were observed). To further investigate and classify the retention properties of the novel stationary phases we performed a comparative chromatographic study with commercially available mixed mode, HILIC and RP columns. The resultant chromatographic data were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA). PCA revealed that the new reversed-phase/zwitterionic ion-exchangers (RP/ZWIX) are complementary to common RP, HILIC and mixed-mode phases on the market and could be a promising alternative in impurity profiling and 2D-HPLC concepts. Moreover, the adopted synthetic approach offers the capability to generate chemical diversity simply by the variation of the starting aldehyde, aminophosphonic acid and/or isonitrile components. This unique characteristics offer great possibility for the design of novel selectors for mixed mode chromatography like RP/ZWIX, HILIC, affinity and chiral chromatography. ?? 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-21
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Aminophosphonate
  • Aminophosphonic acids
  • HPLC
  • Mixed mode chromatography
  • Ugi multicomponent reaction


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