Modeling Human Information Acquisition Strategies

Annerieke Heuvelink, Michel C. A. Klein, Rianne van Lambalgen

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The focus of this paper is the development of a computational
model for intelligent agents that decides on whether to acquire
required information by retrieving it from memory or by
interacting with the world. First, we present a task for which
such decisions have to be made. Next, we discuss an
experiment that shows that humans do not apply rational
expected utility analysis to make this decision, but instead
adopt a simpler heuristic strategy. Then, we introduce a
computational model that incorporates the rational as well as
various heuristic task strategies. The human data is compared
to the behavior of the model under several parameter settings.
We were able to match the human actions with model actions
for various task strategies, suggesting that humans differ in
the task strategies they apply, and that our manner to deduce
heuristic task strategies is feasible.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (Cogsci09)
EditorsNiels A. Taatgen, Hedderik van Rijn
Place of PublicationAmsterdam, the Netherland
PublisherCognitive Science Society
Pages1710-1715
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2009

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Cite this

Heuvelink, A., Klein, M. C. A., & van Lambalgen, R. (2009). Modeling Human Information Acquisition Strategies. In N. A. Taatgen, & H. V. Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (Cogsci09) (pp. 1710-1715). Amsterdam, the Netherland: Cognitive Science Society.
Heuvelink, Annerieke ; Klein, Michel C. A. ; van Lambalgen, Rianne. / Modeling Human Information Acquisition Strategies. Proceedings of the 31th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (Cogsci09). editor / Niels A. Taatgen ; Hedderik van Rijn. Amsterdam, the Netherland : Cognitive Science Society, 2009. pp. 1710-1715
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Heuvelink, A, Klein, MCA & van Lambalgen, R 2009, Modeling Human Information Acquisition Strategies. in NA Taatgen & HV Rijn (eds), Proceedings of the 31th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (Cogsci09). Cognitive Science Society, Amsterdam, the Netherland, pp. 1710-1715.

Modeling Human Information Acquisition Strategies. / Heuvelink, Annerieke; Klein, Michel C. A.; van Lambalgen, Rianne.

Proceedings of the 31th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (Cogsci09). ed. / Niels A. Taatgen; Hedderik van Rijn. Amsterdam, the Netherland : Cognitive Science Society, 2009. p. 1710-1715.

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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N2 - The focus of this paper is the development of a computationalmodel for intelligent agents that decides on whether to acquirerequired information by retrieving it from memory or byinteracting with the world. First, we present a task for whichsuch decisions have to be made. Next, we discuss anexperiment that shows that humans do not apply rationalexpected utility analysis to make this decision, but insteadadopt a simpler heuristic strategy. Then, we introduce acomputational model that incorporates the rational as well asvarious heuristic task strategies. The human data is comparedto the behavior of the model under several parameter settings.We were able to match the human actions with model actionsfor various task strategies, suggesting that humans differ inthe task strategies they apply, and that our manner to deduceheuristic task strategies is feasible.

AB - The focus of this paper is the development of a computationalmodel for intelligent agents that decides on whether to acquirerequired information by retrieving it from memory or byinteracting with the world. First, we present a task for whichsuch decisions have to be made. Next, we discuss anexperiment that shows that humans do not apply rationalexpected utility analysis to make this decision, but insteadadopt a simpler heuristic strategy. Then, we introduce acomputational model that incorporates the rational as well asvarious heuristic task strategies. The human data is comparedto the behavior of the model under several parameter settings.We were able to match the human actions with model actionsfor various task strategies, suggesting that humans differ inthe task strategies they apply, and that our manner to deduceheuristic task strategies is feasible.

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Heuvelink A, Klein MCA, van Lambalgen R. Modeling Human Information Acquisition Strategies. In Taatgen NA, Rijn HV, editors, Proceedings of the 31th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (Cogsci09). Amsterdam, the Netherland: Cognitive Science Society. 2009. p. 1710-1715