Modelling Round-the-Clock Price Discovery for Cross-Listed Stocks using State Space Methods

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U.S. trading in non-U.S. stocks has grown dramatically. Around the clock, these stocks trade in the home market, in the U.S. market, and, potentially, in both markets simultaneously. We develop a general methodology based on a state space model to study 24-hour price discovery in a multiple-markets setting. As opposed to the standard variance ratio approach, this model deals naturally with (1) simultaneous quotes in an overlap, (2) missing observations in a nonoverlap, (3) noise due to transitory microstructure effects, and (4) contemporaneous correlation in returns due to market-wide factors. We apply our model to Dutch stocks, cross-listed in the United States. Our findings suggest a minor role for the New York Stock Exchange in price discovery for Dutch shares, in spite of its nontrivial and growing market share. © 2007 American Statistical Association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-255
JournalJournal of Business and Economic Statistics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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