Modelling the dynamics of demography in the Dutch Roman limes zone: a revised model

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In this chapter, a simulation model for better understanding the population dynamics of the limes zone is presented, building on our earlier study on the possible effects of recruitment of soldiers for the Roman army (Verhagen et al., Modelling the dynamics of demography in the Dutch limes zone. In: Multi-, inter- and transdisciplinary research in landscape archaeology. Proceedings of LAC 2014 Conference, Rome, 19–20 September 2014. Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam. https://doi.org/10.5463/lac.2014.62, 2016a). In this earlier study, a number of questions were raised concerning the realism of using estimates from historical demographical sources for understanding the population dynamics of the region. In the current paper, the available data sets, approaches and hypotheses regarding fertility and mortality in the Roman period are re-assessed, together with the available archaeological evidence on the population dynamics of the region. A revised model is then presented that allows for more refined experimenting with various demographic scenarios, showing that a much larger number of parameters can be responsible for changes in population growth than is often assumed in archaeological studies. In particular, marriage strategies would seem to play an important role in regulating the number of births. The model remains a work in progress that can be further refined and linked to models of settlement and land use development.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFinding the Limits of the Limes
Subtitle of host publicationModelling Demography, Economy and Transport on the Edge of the Roman Empire
EditorsJ.W.H.P. Verhagen, J.A. Joyce, M.R. Groenhuijzen
PublisherSpringer
Chapter3
Pages43-59
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9783030045760
ISBN (Print)9783030045753
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Publication series

NameComputational Social Sciences
NameSimulating the Past

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