Moderators of the efficacy of a psychosocial group intervention for children with chronic illness and their parents: what works for whom?

L. Scholten, A.M. Willemen, E. Napoleone, H. Maurice-Stam, E.M. van Dijk, N. Zandbelt, E.F.A. Ensink, M. Grootenhuis, C. Schuengel

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate psychosocial characteristics of children and parents as predictors and moderators of the effect of a group intervention for children with chronic illness and their parents. Methods: Data from a randomized controlled trial were used, including 194 children (8-18 years) who were assigned to a child-only intervention, a parent-child intervention, or a wait-list control group. Longitudinal multilevel regression analyses were used to test effects on change in parent and child reported internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Results: For children with a more disengaged coping style or lower self-worth and for children who experienced a more secure parent-child relationship, the parent-child intervention was more effective than the child-only intervention in reducing behavior problems. Conclusions: Children who are more ''at risk'' appear to gain more from participating in an intervention, especially if their parents are involved as well. However, the benefit of parents' involvement may depend on the quality of the parent-child relationship.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-227
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Chronic Disease
Parents
Parent-Child Relations
Multilevel Analysis
Randomized Controlled Trials
Regression Analysis
Control Groups

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Scholten, L. ; Willemen, A.M. ; Napoleone, E. ; Maurice-Stam, H. ; van Dijk, E.M. ; Zandbelt, N. ; Ensink, E.F.A. ; Grootenhuis, M. ; Schuengel, C. / Moderators of the efficacy of a psychosocial group intervention for children with chronic illness and their parents: what works for whom?. In: Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2015 ; Vol. 40, No. 2. pp. 214-227.
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abstract = "Objective: To investigate psychosocial characteristics of children and parents as predictors and moderators of the effect of a group intervention for children with chronic illness and their parents. Methods: Data from a randomized controlled trial were used, including 194 children (8-18 years) who were assigned to a child-only intervention, a parent-child intervention, or a wait-list control group. Longitudinal multilevel regression analyses were used to test effects on change in parent and child reported internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Results: For children with a more disengaged coping style or lower self-worth and for children who experienced a more secure parent-child relationship, the parent-child intervention was more effective than the child-only intervention in reducing behavior problems. Conclusions: Children who are more ''at risk'' appear to gain more from participating in an intervention, especially if their parents are involved as well. However, the benefit of parents' involvement may depend on the quality of the parent-child relationship.",
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Moderators of the efficacy of a psychosocial group intervention for children with chronic illness and their parents: what works for whom? / Scholten, L.; Willemen, A.M.; Napoleone, E.; Maurice-Stam, H.; van Dijk, E.M.; Zandbelt, N.; Ensink, E.F.A.; Grootenhuis, M.; Schuengel, C.

In: Journal of Pediatric Psychology, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2015, p. 214-227.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Willemen, A.M.

AU - Napoleone, E.

AU - Maurice-Stam, H.

AU - van Dijk, E.M.

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AU - Ensink, E.F.A.

AU - Grootenhuis, M.

AU - Schuengel, C.

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AB - Objective: To investigate psychosocial characteristics of children and parents as predictors and moderators of the effect of a group intervention for children with chronic illness and their parents. Methods: Data from a randomized controlled trial were used, including 194 children (8-18 years) who were assigned to a child-only intervention, a parent-child intervention, or a wait-list control group. Longitudinal multilevel regression analyses were used to test effects on change in parent and child reported internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Results: For children with a more disengaged coping style or lower self-worth and for children who experienced a more secure parent-child relationship, the parent-child intervention was more effective than the child-only intervention in reducing behavior problems. Conclusions: Children who are more ''at risk'' appear to gain more from participating in an intervention, especially if their parents are involved as well. However, the benefit of parents' involvement may depend on the quality of the parent-child relationship.

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