Motion sickness: Only one provocative conflict?

Willem Bles*, Jelte E. Bos, Bernd De Graaf, Eric Groen, Alexander H. Wertheim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In reviewing the various forms of motion sickness, the classic sensory rearrangement theory has been redefined by demonstrating that only one type of conflict is necessary and sufficient to explain all different kinds of motion sickness. A mathematical description is provided from the summarizing statement that 'All situations which provoke motion sickness are characterised by a condition in which the sensed vertical as determined on the basis of integrated information from the eyes, the vestibular system and the nonvestibular proprioceptors is at variance with the subjective vertical as expected from previous experience'.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-487
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 1998


  • Modeling
  • Motion sickness
  • Subjective vertical
  • Visual-vestibular interactions


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