Moving base driving simulators’ potential for carsickness research

Ouren X. Kuiper*, Jelte E. Bos, Cyriel Diels, Kia Cammaerts

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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We investigated whether motion sickness analogous to carsickness can be studied in a moving base simulator, despite the limited motion envelope. Importantly, to avoid simulator sickness, vision outside the simulator cabin was restricted. Participants (N = 16) were exposed blindfolded to 15-min lateral sinusoidal motion at 0.2 Hz and 0.35 Hz on separate days. These conditions were selected to realize optimal provocativeness of the stimulus given the simulator's maximum displacement and knowledge on frequency-acceleration interactions for motion sickness. Average motion sickness on an 11-point scale was 2.21 ± 1.97 for 0.2 Hz and 1.93 ± 1.94 for 0.35 Hz. The motion sickness increase over time was comparable to that found in studies using actual vehicles. We argue that motion base simulators can be used to incite motion sickness analogous to carsickness, provided considerable restrictions on vision. Future research on carsickness, potentially more prevalent in autonomous vehicles, could benefit from employing simulators.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102889
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Ergonomics
Early online date18 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019


This research was supported by Ansible Motion, who allowed for use of their simulator for this experiment. There was no involvement in the design of the experiment; in collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; nor in the decision to submit for publication.

FundersFunder number
Ford Research and Advanced Engineering


    • Carsickness
    • Driving simulator
    • Simulator sickness


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