Mutual Trust and Human Rights in the AFSJ: In Search of Guidelines for National Courts

E.R. Brouwer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Several academics, this author included, have criticized the CJEU when dealing with the question of “rebuttal of trust” for the application of the principle of mutual trust between Member States in the Area of Freedom, Security, and Justice (AFSJ). Both the case-law dealing with the Dub-lin mechanism in asylum matters, as per the opinion 2/13 of the CJEU in 2014, seemed to result in a battle with the Strasbourg Court on the hegemony to interpret the scope of mutual trust, rather than offering clear guidelines for national courts. This contribution questions whether a compari-son of judgments in different fields of the AFSJ and recent case-law of both European Courts justi-fies a new approach. Instead of focussing on the differences in decision-making of the European Courts, the goal of this contribution is to deduce common criteria from the European case-law to be applied by national courts when addressing claims of rebuttal of trust. Providing a general over-view of the case-law of the CJEU and the Strasbourg Court in the field of civil and commercial law, criminal law, migration law and matrimonial affairs, this contribution questions which criteria may be applied by the national court of the enforcing or executing State when considering trust as rebutted
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-920
Number of pages27
JournalEuropean papers
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • mutual trust – mutual recognition – area of freedom, security and justice – human rights – effective judicial protection


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