MX100, a new Escerichia coli tester strain for use in genotoxicity studies.

M. Kranendonk, F. Pintado, P. Mesquita, A. Laires, N.P.E. Vermeulen, J. Rueff

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The development of a new Escherichia coli tester strain for use in metabolic and mechanistic studies of genotoxins, strain MR2101/pKR11, has recently been reported. This strain, a derivative of the E.coli K12 laboratory strain AB1157, has sensitivity towards the detection of base-substitution mutagenesis, monitored by the reversion of arginine auxotrophy [argE3, (ochre)]. Besides arginine, MR2101/pKR11 is auxotrophic for histidine (hisG4), leucine (leuB6), proline (ΔproA) and threonine (thr-1). MX100 was developed to overcome the auxotrophy for four amino acids of MR2101/pKR11 which are non-essential for the mutagenic responsiveness of the strain. We restored the biosynthesis for these four amino acids in MR2101/pKR11, resulting in strain MX100. This strain showed an almost 2-fold increase in mutagenic activity relative to MR2101/pKR11 with a set of diagnostic mutagens (aflatoxin B1, benzo[α]pyrene, 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide, 2,7-dimethyl-benz[a]anthracene and others) and was further characterized with other types of mutagens in which it showed sensitivity towards the detection of oxidative (H
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-333
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1996


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