N-Heterocyclic Carbene–Phosphinidene Adducts: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

Tetiana Krachko, J. Chris Slootweg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


Syntheses, properties, and reactivity of N-heterocyclic carbene–phosphinidene adducts are reviewed. These adducts, formally built by combining a phosphinidene with a carbene, are characterized by high nucleophilicity at the phosphorus atom. The main types of reactivity these adducts exhibit are: Lewis-base reactivity towards main group and organic compounds as well as transition-metal complexes, substitution reactions at the phosphorus atom with main group compounds and transition-metal complexes, and phosphinidene transfer reactions resulting in C–P bond cleavage. These differ substantially from the classic phosphaalkenes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2734-2754
Number of pages21
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Adducts
  • Carbene ligands
  • Main group elements
  • Phosphinidene transfer
  • Phosphinidenes


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