Navigating the development and dissemination of internet cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for anxiety disorders in children and young people: A consensus statement with recommendations from the #iCBTLorentz Workshop Group

Claire Hill, Cathy Creswell, Sarah Vigerland*, Maaike H. Nauta, Sonja March, Caroline Donovan, Lidewij Wolters, Susan H. Spence, Jennifer L. Martin, Lori Wozney, Lauren McLellan, Leonie Kreuze, Karen Gould, Maral Jolstedt, Martina Nord, Jennifer L. Hudson, Elisabeth Utens, Jeroen Ruwaard, Casper Albers, Muniya KhannaAnne Marie Albano, Eva Serlachius, Stefan Hrastinski, Philip C. Kendall

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Initial internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) programs for anxiety disorders in children and young people (CYP) have been developed and evaluated, however these have not yet been widely adopted in routine practice. The lack of guidance and formalized approaches to the development and dissemination of iCBT has arguably contributed to the difficulty in developing iCBT that is scalable and sustainable beyond academic evaluation and that can ultimately be adopted by healthcare providers. This paper presents a consensus statement and recommendations from a workshop of international experts in CYP anxiety and iCBT (#iCBTLorentz Workshop Group) on the development, evaluation, engagement and dissemination of iCBT for anxiety in CYP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInternet Interventions
Issue numberJune
Early online date19 Feb 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018


Claire Hill and Cathy Creswell are the developers of OSI Anxiety (Online Support & Intervention for Anxiety), an online therapist-supported, parent-guided CBT program for child anxiety disorders and child game application. Cathy Creswell is funded by a National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) Research Professorship (2014-04-018). Maaike Nauta developed and translated CBT treatment manuals for youths, including a blended internet-based treatment program and the Dutch Coping Cat manual, for which she receives no personal fees. Maaike Nauta has received grants from ZonMW (The Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development) for evaluating effectiveness of youth interventions. Maaike Nauta receives travels expenses, some subsistence and sometimes an associated speaker honorarium for lectures or clinical training workshops. Philip C. Kendall receives royalties from the sale of materials related to the treatment of anxiety in youth. Sonja March, Susan Spence and Caroline Donovan may in the future receive income from the commercialization of the BRAVE program. Maral Jolstedt, Eva Serlachius and Sarah Vigerland have developed the BIP Anxiety program and Martina Nord is co-developer of the BIP SOFT program. They recieve no personal income from these programs. This work was the outcome of an international workshop held in October 2017 funded by the Lorentz Centre (supported by the Netherland Organization for Scientific Research and the University of Leiden, The Netherlands) and the University of Reading, UK. All authors thank their institutions for the possibility to participate in the workshop (including financial support for traveling), and to contribute to this paper.

FundersFunder number
Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development
National Institute for Health Research2014-04-018
University of Reading
Universiteit Leiden
Lorentz Center


    • Adolescents
    • Anxiety
    • Children
    • Cognitive behavioral therapy
    • Development
    • Dissemination
    • Online treatments


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