Neural responses for evaluating self and mother traits in adolescence depend on mother-adolescent relationships

Renske Van Der Cruijsen, Renate Buisman, Kayla Green, Sabine Peters, Eveline Crone*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

An important task in adolescence is to achieve autonomy while preserving a positive relationship with parents. Previous fMRI studies showed largely overlapping activation in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) for evaluating self and close-other traits but separable activation for self and non-close other. Possibly, more similar mPFC activation ref lects closeness or warmth in relationships.We investigated neural indicators of the mother-adolescent relationship in adolescents between 11 and 21 years (N =143). Mother-adolescent relationship was measured using (i) mothers' and adolescents' trait evaluations about each other, (ii) observations of warmth, negativity and emotional support in mother-adolescent conversation and (iii) similarity in adolescents' neural activation for evaluating self vs mother traits. Results showed relatively more similar mPFC activation in adolescents who evaluated their mothers' traits more positively, suggesting that this is possibly a neural indicator of mother-adolescent relationship quality. Furthermore, mid-adolescence was characterized by more negative mother-adolescent interaction compared to early and late adolescence. This effect co-occurred with mid-adolescent peaks in dorsal striatum, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and superior temporal sulcus activation in evaluating traits of self vs mother. These results suggest more negative relationships and stronger self-focus in mid-adolescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-492
Number of pages12
JournalSocial cognitive and affective neuroscience
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • family interactions
  • fMRI
  • medial prefrontal cortex
  • mother-adolescent relationship

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