Neurocognitive Profiles in Children With ADHD and Their Predictive Value for Functional Outcomes

Catharina Elisabeth Bergwerff, Marjolein Luman, Wouter D Weeda, Jaap Oosterlaan

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We examined whether neurocognitive profiles could be distinguished in children with ADHD and typically developing (TD) children, and whether neurocognitive profiles predicted externalizing, social, and academic problems in children with ADHD.

METHOD: Neurocognitive data of 81 children with ADHD and 71 TD children were subjected to confirmatory factor analysis. The resulting factors were used for community detection in the ADHD and TD group.

RESULTS: Four subgroups were detected in the ADHD group, characterized by (a) poor emotion recognition, (b) poor interference control, (c) slow processing speed, or (d) increased attentional lapses and fast processing speed. In the TD group, three subgroups were detected, closely resembling Subgroups (a) to (c). Neurocognitive subgroups in the ADHD sample did not differ in externalizing, social, and academic problems.

CONCLUSION: We found a neurocognitive profile unique to ADHD. The clinical validity of neurocognitive profiling is questioned, given the lack of associations with functional outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1087054716688533
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jan 2017

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Social Problems
Statistical Factor Analysis
Emotions

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

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Neurocognitive Profiles in Children With ADHD and Their Predictive Value for Functional Outcomes. / Bergwerff, Catharina Elisabeth; Luman, Marjolein; Weeda, Wouter D; Oosterlaan, Jaap.

In: Journal of Attention Disorders, 01.01.2017, p. 1087054716688533.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Neurocognitive Profiles in Children With ADHD and Their Predictive Value for Functional Outcomes

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AB - OBJECTIVE: We examined whether neurocognitive profiles could be distinguished in children with ADHD and typically developing (TD) children, and whether neurocognitive profiles predicted externalizing, social, and academic problems in children with ADHD.METHOD: Neurocognitive data of 81 children with ADHD and 71 TD children were subjected to confirmatory factor analysis. The resulting factors were used for community detection in the ADHD and TD group.RESULTS: Four subgroups were detected in the ADHD group, characterized by (a) poor emotion recognition, (b) poor interference control, (c) slow processing speed, or (d) increased attentional lapses and fast processing speed. In the TD group, three subgroups were detected, closely resembling Subgroups (a) to (c). Neurocognitive subgroups in the ADHD sample did not differ in externalizing, social, and academic problems.CONCLUSION: We found a neurocognitive profile unique to ADHD. The clinical validity of neurocognitive profiling is questioned, given the lack of associations with functional outcomes.

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