No reliable gender differences in attachment across the lifespan

Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg*, Marinus H. Van Ijzendoorn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalComment / Letter to the editorAcademic


In middle childhood, boys show more avoidant attachments and girls more ambivalent attachments as a prelude to gender differentiation in reproductive strategies. However, we have failed to find systematic and method-independent gender differences in middle or late childhood attachments, nor in adult attachment representations. We conclude that Del Giudice's model rests on a brittle empirical basis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-23
Number of pages2
JournalBehavioral and Brain Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 25 May 2009
Externally publishedYes


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