Non-invasive proximal adhesive restoration (NIPAR) compared to resin infiltration for treating initial proximal carious lesions

M. Abdelaziz, A. Lodi-Rizzini, T. Bortolotto, F. Garcia-Godoy, A.J. Feilzer, I. Krejci

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose: To compare a new technique of non-invasive proximal adhesive restoration (NIPAR) to the infiltration concept technique (ICON). Methods: Extracted human posterior teeth with non-cavitated proximal carious lesions (ICDAS code 1-2) were cut vertically to obtain two symmetrical lesions. Group 1 (NIPAR): Half of the paired lesions surfaces (n=13) were abraded with metallic strips and etched with 37% H3P04 for 120 seconds. Group 2 (ICON): The other half of the paired lesions' surfaces (n=13) were etched with 15% HCl gel for 120 seconds. All samples were then stained with rhodamine isothiocyanate (RITC). After ethanol drying and isolation of the cut surface, Group 1 samples were infiltrated with Scotchbond Universal for 180 seconds and coated with a thin film of Tetric flow. Group 2 samples were infiltrated with ICON infiltrant following manufacturer's instructions. After light curing, unbound rhodamine was bleached by immersion in 30% hydrogen peroxide for 12 hours. Remaining lesion pores were stained with sodium fluorescein solution. Samples were observed with confocal microscopy (CLSM) and the percentage of infiltration (area of resin infiltration/area of total demineralization xlOO) was calculated using ImageJ. Results: 11 samples out of 13 showed larger infiltrated area of the lesions in Group 1 (NIPAR) compared to Group 2 (ICON). Statistical analysis revealed a significant difference between the two groups (P< 0.05). Within the limitations of this study, NIPAR allowed for better infiltration of non-cavitated proximal carious lesions when compared to ICON. (Am J Dent 2018;31:255-260).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-260
JournalAmerican Journal of Dentistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


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