Nucleation of Fe-rich phosphates and carbonates on microbial cells and exopolymeric substances

Mónica Sánchez-Román*, Fernando Puente-Sánchez, Víctor Parro, Ricardo Amils

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticle

Abstract

Although phosphate and carbonate are important constituents in ancient and modern environments, it is not yet clear their biogeochemical relationships and their mechanisms of formation. Microbially mediated carbonate formation has been widely studied whereas little is known about the formation of phosphate minerals. Here we report that a new bacterial strain, Tessarococcus lapidicaptus, isolated from the subsurface of Rio Tinto basin (Huelva, SW Spain), is capable of precipitating Fe-rich phosphate and carbonate minerals. We observed morphological differences between phosphate and carbonate, which may help us to recognize these minerals in terrestrial and extraterrestrial environments. Finally, considering the scarcity and the unequal distribution and preservation patterns of phosphate and carbonates, respectively, in the geological record and the biomineralization process that produces those minerals, we propose a hypothesis for the lack of Fe-phosphates in natural environments and ancient rocks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number01024
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume6
Issue numberSEP
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Keywords

  • Bacterial precipitates
  • Microbial
  • Nanoglobules
  • Siderite
  • Tessarococcus
  • Vivianite

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