Voeding en gezondheid--obesitas

Translated title of the contribution: Nutrition and health--obesity

J C Seidell, T L S Visscher

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

About 12% of the adult Dutch population is obese (Quetelet Index > or = 30 kg/m2). The prevalence has roughly doubled over the past 20 years. Obesity is strongly associated with a number of chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, increased healthcare costs and a loss of productivity. Obesity is always the result of a mismatch between energy intake and energy expenditure. Foods with a high percentage of energy derived from fat are associated with weight gain, particularly when the rest of the energy is obtained from products containing little dietary fibre. Foods with a high content of refined added sugars or starch might be unfavourable with respect to the energy balance and the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. Slimming diets should aim for a gradual and sustained weight loss of about 10% of the initial weight over a period of six months, followed by weight maintenance over the next two years. Physical activity is an essential component of a weight loss strategy. Moderate sustained weight loss is associated with a strong reduction in the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in people with impaired glucose tolerance.

Translated title of the contributionNutrition and health--obesity
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)281-6
Number of pages6
JournalNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
Volume147
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2003

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Energy Intake
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Exercise
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Male
  • Netherlands
  • Obesity
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Weight Loss
  • Journal Article
  • Review

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