Nutrition education on malnutrition in older adults in European medical schools: need for improvement?

Doris Eglseer, Marjolein Visser, Dorothee Volkert, Christa Lohrmann

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Malnutrition is a condition which is highly prevalent, especially in older persons. Physicians play an important role in multidisciplinary nutritional management, but often feel inadequately prepared to provide nutritional information/therapy to their patients. The aim of this study was to gather information on curricular content on malnutrition in older persons in basic study programs for medical doctors. Methods: We selected a cross-sectional study design and used a Web-based online survey. We emailed the Web link to those persons responsible for curriculum development at 310 medical schools in 31 European countries. Results: A total of 26 (8.4%) medical schools in 12 European countries completed the questionnaire. The topic of malnutrition in older adults was included as part of the medical students’ curricula at 50.0% (13 out of 26) of the participating institutions. Most commonly topics taught in the institutions were causes of malnutrition (13, 50%), assessment of malnutrition (13, 50%) and consequences of malnutrition (12, 46.2%). The topic of malnutrition screening was addressed in nine (35%) of the institutions. Conclusions: Based on our results, we strongly recommend including the topic of malnutrition in older adults in the undergraduate curricula of medical students in Europe. A special focus should be placed on multidisciplinary cooperation. Integrative teaching that targets all professional groups could be one option. Initiatives need to be carried out to create a higher level of awareness and promote improvements in nutrition education for medical doctors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-318
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Geriatric Medicine
Volume10
Issue number2
Early online date9 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

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Medical Schools
Malnutrition
Education
Curriculum
Medical Students
Medical Education
Teaching
Cross-Sectional Studies
Physicians

Keywords

  • Education
  • Europe
  • Geriatrics
  • Malnutrition
  • Medical students
  • Nutrition
  • Older adults

Cite this

Eglseer, Doris ; Visser, Marjolein ; Volkert, Dorothee ; Lohrmann, Christa. / Nutrition education on malnutrition in older adults in European medical schools : need for improvement?. In: European Geriatric Medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 2. pp. 313-318.
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abstract = "Purpose: Malnutrition is a condition which is highly prevalent, especially in older persons. Physicians play an important role in multidisciplinary nutritional management, but often feel inadequately prepared to provide nutritional information/therapy to their patients. The aim of this study was to gather information on curricular content on malnutrition in older persons in basic study programs for medical doctors. Methods: We selected a cross-sectional study design and used a Web-based online survey. We emailed the Web link to those persons responsible for curriculum development at 310 medical schools in 31 European countries. Results: A total of 26 (8.4{\%}) medical schools in 12 European countries completed the questionnaire. The topic of malnutrition in older adults was included as part of the medical students’ curricula at 50.0{\%} (13 out of 26) of the participating institutions. Most commonly topics taught in the institutions were causes of malnutrition (13, 50{\%}), assessment of malnutrition (13, 50{\%}) and consequences of malnutrition (12, 46.2{\%}). The topic of malnutrition screening was addressed in nine (35{\%}) of the institutions. Conclusions: Based on our results, we strongly recommend including the topic of malnutrition in older adults in the undergraduate curricula of medical students in Europe. A special focus should be placed on multidisciplinary cooperation. Integrative teaching that targets all professional groups could be one option. Initiatives need to be carried out to create a higher level of awareness and promote improvements in nutrition education for medical doctors.",
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Nutrition education on malnutrition in older adults in European medical schools : need for improvement? / Eglseer, Doris; Visser, Marjolein; Volkert, Dorothee; Lohrmann, Christa.

In: European Geriatric Medicine, Vol. 10, No. 2, 04.2019, p. 313-318.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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