On the waxing and waning of working memory: Action orientation moderates the impact of demandig relationships primes on working memory capacity

N.B. Jostmann, S.L. Koole

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    Abstract

    The present research examined how actionversus state-oriented individuals (Kuhl & Beckmann, 1994) utilize their working memory capacity under varying situational demands. Participants visualized either a demanding or an accepting person, after which their working memory capacity was assessed. Among action-oriented participants, visualizing a demanding person led to greater operation spans (Study 1) and superior memory for intention-related information (Study 2) than visualizing an accepting person. State-oriented participants displayed the opposite pattern, such that visualizing an accepting person led to greater operation spans (Study 1) and superior memory for intentions (Study 2) than visualizing a demanding person. These findings indicate that action versus state orientation moderates the impact of situational demands on working memory capacity. © 2006 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1716-1728
    Number of pages12
    JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
    Volume32
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

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