A practical two-stage one-pot synthesis of N-substituted β-amino alcohols using aldehydes and isocyanides as starting materials has been developed. This method features mild reaction conditions, broad scope, and general tolerance of functional groups. Based on a less common central carbon-carbon bond disconnection, this protocol complements traditional approaches that involve amines and various carbon electrophiles (epoxides, α-halo ketones, β-halohydrins). Medicinally relevant products can be prepared in a concise and efficient way from simple building blocks, as demonstrated in the synthesis of the antiasthma drug salbutamol. Upgrading the synthesis to an enantioselective variant is also feasible.
- Albuterol/chemical synthesis
- Aldehydes/chemical synthesis
- Amino Alcohols/chemical synthesis
- Bronchodilator Agents/chemical synthesis
- Combinatorial Chemistry Techniques
- Cyanides/chemical synthesis