Open Area, Open Data: Advances in Reflexive Archaeological Practice

Michael J. Boyd*, Rosie Campbell, Roger C.P. Doonan, Catherine Douglas, Georgios Gavalas, Myrsini Gkouma, Claire Halley, Bruce Hartzler, James A. Herbst, Hallvard R. Indgjerd, Ayla Krijnen, Irini Legaki, Evi Margaritis, Nathan Meyer, Ioanna Moutafi, Nefeli Pirée Iliou, David A. Wylie, Colin Renfrew

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    This article presents a holistic and reflexive process for archaeological fieldwork from inception to publication. The opportunities afforded by maturing digital techniques allowed fundamental rethinking of field and laboratory practice paradigms. A number of normally unquestioned aspects of archaeological praxis were examined with the goal of reorganizing information dynamics. Instead of a series of disparate processes in the field and field laboratory and during study and publication phases, a heterarchically-organized common information framework bonded all aspects of work traditionally only brought together in post-excavation processing, replacing disparate datasets and encompassing ongoing processes such as excavation recording, finds processing, and final analyses. Recording uses a common interface based on the iDig iPad app, and analyses use 3D GIS, based on comprehensive photogrammetry and an underlying all-encompassing data engine. The development and application of the process are described with reference to the excavations, study, and publication of EBA sites on Keros, Cyclades, Greece.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)62-80
    Number of pages19
    JournalJournal of Field Archaeology
    Issue number2
    Early online date6 Jan 2021
    Publication statusPublished - 2021


    • archaeological informatics
    • archaeological practices
    • ceramic analysis
    • digital archaeology
    • iDig
    • integrated workflow
    • open area excavation
    • photogrammetry
    • single context recording


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