Firms are increasingly relying on combining internal resources with external knowledge to sustain firm renewal, which has led to open innovation being considered critical to a firm’s competitive advantage (Chesbrough, 2003). Successful open innovation produces first-mover advantages, superior financial returns, market growth, and market share (Lichtenhaler, 2011). In particular, knowledgeintensive business services (KIBS) start-ups-defined as "[new] expert companies that provide services to other companies and organizations" (Toivonen, 2006, 2)-rely on open innovation, as it is their primary knowledge input and output (Gallouj, 2002). However, KIBS start-ups are exposed to extant uncertainty because they face risk in the form of liability of newness, liability of smallness, and fundamental uncertainty. This uncertainty can be mitigated via a firm’s portfolio of alliance relationships (Ozcan and Eisenhardt, 2009).
|Title of host publication||Open Innovation Through Strategic Alliances: Approaches for Product, Technology, and Business Model Creation|
|Publisher||Palgrave / MacMillan|
|Number of pages||28|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2014|