Open knowledge coordinating knowledge sharing through peer-to-peer interaction

Dave Robertson*, Fausto Giunchiglia, Frank Van Harmelen, Maurizio Marchese, Marta Sabou, Marco Schorlemmer, Nigel Shadbolt, Ronnie Siebes, Carles Sierra, Chris Walton, Srinandan Dasmahapatra, Dave Dupplaw, Paul Lewis, Mikalai Yatskevich, Spyros Kotoulas, Adrian Perreau De Pinninck, Antonis Loizou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The drive to extend the Web by taking advantage of automated symbolic reasoning (the so-called Semantic Web) has been dominated by a traditional model of knowledge sharing, in which the focus is on task-independent standardisation of knowledge. It appears to be difficult, in practice, to standardise in this way because the way in which we represent knowledge is strongly influenced by the ways in which we expect to use it. We present a form of knowledge sharing that is based not on direct sharing of "true" statements about the world but, instead, is based on sharing descriptions of interactions. By making interaction specifications the currency of knowledge sharing we gain a context to interpreting knowledge that can be transmitted between peers, in a manner analogous to the use of electronic institutions in multi-agent systems. The narrower notion of semantic commitment we thus obtain requires peers only to commit to meanings of terms for the purposes and duration of the interactions in which they appear. This lightweight semantics allows networks of interaction to be formed between peers using comparatively simple means of tackling the perennial issues of query routing, service composition and ontology matching. A basic version of the system described in this paper has been built (via the OpenKnowledge project); all its components use established methods; many of these have been deployed in substantial applications; and we summarise a simple means of integration using the interaction specification language itself.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLanguages, Methodologies and Development Tools for Multi-Agent Systems - First International Workshop, LADS 2007, Revised Selected and Invited Papers
Pages1-18
Number of pages18
Volume5118 LNAI
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Event1st International Workshop on Languages, Methodologies and Development Tools for Multi-Agent Systems, LADS 2007 - Durham, United Kingdom
Duration: 4 Sep 20076 Sep 2007

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume5118 LNAI
ISSN (Print)03029743
ISSN (Electronic)16113349

Conference

Conference1st International Workshop on Languages, Methodologies and Development Tools for Multi-Agent Systems, LADS 2007
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityDurham
Period4/09/076/09/07

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Robertson, D., Giunchiglia, F., Van Harmelen, F., Marchese, M., Sabou, M., Schorlemmer, M., ... Loizou, A. (2008). Open knowledge coordinating knowledge sharing through peer-to-peer interaction. In Languages, Methodologies and Development Tools for Multi-Agent Systems - First International Workshop, LADS 2007, Revised Selected and Invited Papers (Vol. 5118 LNAI, pp. 1-18). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 5118 LNAI). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-85058-8_1