Out of Control: Examining the Association Between Family Conflict and Self-Control in Adolescence in a Genetically Sensitive Design

Yayouk E Willems, Eveline L de Zeeuw, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Dorret I Boomsma, Meike Bartels, Catrin Finkenauer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Family conflict is associated with low self-control in adolescence. Thus far research about the direction of this association is inconclusive. In this study, we sort out whether this association reflects a causal effect or whether it is explained by a common underlying cause, including genetic factors.

METHOD: In twin data, we fitted a series of causal models, and compared models for the association of family conflict and self-control including reciprocal causation, unidirectional causation from family conflict to low self-control, unidirectional causation from low self-control to family conflict, and common genetic susceptibility. We included data of a large sample of twins aged 14 (N=9,173), all enrolled in the Netherlands Twin Register.

RESULTS: The results suggested a unidirectional pathway model where family conflict leads to low self-control in adolescence, with genetic factors also playing a role in explaining the association.

CONCLUSION: Adolescents experiencing family conflict are at risk to show hampered self-control capacities, with family conflict being a robust predictor of low self-control through common genetic factors but also through direct causal influences.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Mar 2019

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Family Conflict
Causality
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Self-Control
Netherlands
Research

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Cite this

@article{95b4f26bc5d34bb991bf6b07c43e0c46,
title = "Out of Control: Examining the Association Between Family Conflict and Self-Control in Adolescence in a Genetically Sensitive Design",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Family conflict is associated with low self-control in adolescence. Thus far research about the direction of this association is inconclusive. In this study, we sort out whether this association reflects a causal effect or whether it is explained by a common underlying cause, including genetic factors.METHOD: In twin data, we fitted a series of causal models, and compared models for the association of family conflict and self-control including reciprocal causation, unidirectional causation from family conflict to low self-control, unidirectional causation from low self-control to family conflict, and common genetic susceptibility. We included data of a large sample of twins aged 14 (N=9,173), all enrolled in the Netherlands Twin Register.RESULTS: The results suggested a unidirectional pathway model where family conflict leads to low self-control in adolescence, with genetic factors also playing a role in explaining the association.CONCLUSION: Adolescents experiencing family conflict are at risk to show hampered self-control capacities, with family conflict being a robust predictor of low self-control through common genetic factors but also through direct causal influences.",
author = "Willems, {Yayouk E} and {de Zeeuw}, {Eveline L} and {van Beijsterveldt}, {Catharina E M} and Boomsma, {Dorret I} and Meike Bartels and Catrin Finkenauer",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.jaac.2019.02.017",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry",
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T2 - Examining the Association Between Family Conflict and Self-Control in Adolescence in a Genetically Sensitive Design

AU - Willems, Yayouk E

AU - de Zeeuw, Eveline L

AU - van Beijsterveldt, Catharina E M

AU - Boomsma, Dorret I

AU - Bartels, Meike

AU - Finkenauer, Catrin

N1 - Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.

PY - 2019/3/12

Y1 - 2019/3/12

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Family conflict is associated with low self-control in adolescence. Thus far research about the direction of this association is inconclusive. In this study, we sort out whether this association reflects a causal effect or whether it is explained by a common underlying cause, including genetic factors.METHOD: In twin data, we fitted a series of causal models, and compared models for the association of family conflict and self-control including reciprocal causation, unidirectional causation from family conflict to low self-control, unidirectional causation from low self-control to family conflict, and common genetic susceptibility. We included data of a large sample of twins aged 14 (N=9,173), all enrolled in the Netherlands Twin Register.RESULTS: The results suggested a unidirectional pathway model where family conflict leads to low self-control in adolescence, with genetic factors also playing a role in explaining the association.CONCLUSION: Adolescents experiencing family conflict are at risk to show hampered self-control capacities, with family conflict being a robust predictor of low self-control through common genetic factors but also through direct causal influences.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Family conflict is associated with low self-control in adolescence. Thus far research about the direction of this association is inconclusive. In this study, we sort out whether this association reflects a causal effect or whether it is explained by a common underlying cause, including genetic factors.METHOD: In twin data, we fitted a series of causal models, and compared models for the association of family conflict and self-control including reciprocal causation, unidirectional causation from family conflict to low self-control, unidirectional causation from low self-control to family conflict, and common genetic susceptibility. We included data of a large sample of twins aged 14 (N=9,173), all enrolled in the Netherlands Twin Register.RESULTS: The results suggested a unidirectional pathway model where family conflict leads to low self-control in adolescence, with genetic factors also playing a role in explaining the association.CONCLUSION: Adolescents experiencing family conflict are at risk to show hampered self-control capacities, with family conflict being a robust predictor of low self-control through common genetic factors but also through direct causal influences.

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SN - 0890-8567

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