The setting considered in this paper concerns a discrete-time multivariate population process under Markov modulation. Our objective is to estimate the model parameters, based on periodic observations of the network population vector. These parameters relate to the arrival, routing and departure processes, but also to the (unobservable) Markovian background process. When opting for the classical likelihood-based approach, the evaluation of the likelihood is problematic. We show however, how an accurate saddlepoint approximation can be used. Numerical experiments illustrate our method and show that even under relatively complicated conditions the parameters are estimated relatively precisely.
|Number of pages||29|
|Early online date||22 Oct 2020|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|