Perception and action in Golf putting: Skill differences reflect calibartion

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    Abstract

    We assessed how golfers cope with the commonly observed systematic overshoot errors in the perception of the direction between the ball and the hole. Experiments 1 and 2, in which participants were required to rotate a pointer such that it pointed to the center of the hole, showed that errors in perceived direction (in degrees of deviation from the perfect aiming line) are destroyed when the head is constrained to move within a plane perpendicular to the green. Experiment 3 compared the errors in perceived direction and putting errors of novice and skilled players. Unlike the perceived direction, putting accuracy (in degrees of deviation from the perfect aiming line) was not affected by head position. Novices did show a rightward putting error, while skilled players did not. We argue that the skill-related differences in putting accuracy reflect a process of recalibration. Implications for aiming in golf are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)349-369
    Number of pages20
    JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
    Volume33
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

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