Phytoremediation prospects of willow stands on contaminated sediment: A field trial

P Vervaeke, S. Luyssaert, J. Mertens, E. Meers, F. M.G. Tack, N Lust

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Establishing fast growing willow stands on land disposed contaminated dredged sediment can result in the revaluation of this material and opens possibilities for phytoremediation. A field trial was designed to assess the impact of planting a willow stand (Salix viminalis L. 'Orm') on the dissipation of organic contaminants (mineral oil and PAHs) in dredged sediment. In addition, the accumulation of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) in the biomass was determined. After 1.5 years, a significant decrease of 57% in the mineral oil concentration in the sediment planted with willow was observed. Degradation of mineral oil in sediment which was left fallow, was only 15%. The mineral oil degradation under willow was most pronounced (79%) in the root zone of the stand. In the sediment which was left fallow there was a significant reduction of the total PAH content by 32% compared with a 23% reduction in the planted sediment. The moderate and selective metal uptake, measured in this study, limits the prospects for phytoextraction of metals from dredged sediment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-282
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume126
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2003

Keywords

  • Contaminated sediment
  • Mineral oil
  • PAH
  • Phytoremediation
  • Salix

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