Plasma N-Glycome Signature of Down Syndrome

V. Borelli, V. Vanhooren, E. Lonardi, K.R. Reiding, M. Capri, C. Libert, P. Garagnani, S. Salvioli, C. Franceschi, M. Wuhrer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In recent years, plasma N-glycans have emerged as biomarkers for health and disease. Here, we studied N-glycomic changes in Down Syndrome (DS). Because of the progeroid phenotype of DS, we focused on the dissection of syndrome- and aging-associated glycomic changes, as well as the interaction thereof. We analyzed the plasma N-glycome of 76 DS persons, 37 siblings (DSS), and 42 mothers (DSM) of DS persons by DNA-sequencer-aided, fluorophore-assisted-carbohydrate-electrophoresis, as well as by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The results showed an overall decrease of galactosylation and α2,3 sialylation, a concomitant increase of the level of fucosylated N-glycans as well as of monogalactosylated diantennary N-glycans in DS, while the GlycoAgeTest and the ratio of the two core-fucosylated, monogalactosylated diantennary isomers (galactose positioned on α1,6 arm versus α1,3 arm) were the strongest DS discriminators. Hypogalactosylation is a characteristic of both DS and aging of control individuals. A decrease in α2,3-sialylated species is also common to DS and aging of controls. However, regarding to α2,6-sialylated tri- and tetragalactosylated N-glycan species, we found those to be lowered in DS but showed an increase with age in the same persons, while these glycans were not affected by aging in control individuals. In conclusion, we identified specific glycomic changes associated with DS, aging in DS, as well as aging in controls, identifying glycomic features in line with accelerated aging in DS. Notably, our data demonstrate an aging phenotype in DS which only in part overlaps with aging in controls but reveals DS-specificity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4232-4245
JournalJournal of Proteome Research
Volume14
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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