Plasticity in dendroclimatic response across the distribution range of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis)

Stergios Adamopoulos, Elias Milios, Dimitris Doganos, Ioannis Bistinas, B Aytug, K C Guven, Melih Boydak, Ulf Büntgen, Fernando Martínez-Peña, Jorge Aldea, Andreas Rigling, Erich M Fischer, J Julio Camarero, Michael J Hayes, Vincent Fatton, Simon Egli, Serdar Cams, Yilmaz Yılmaz Çatal, J Cermak, Martín Martin De LuisKatarina Čufar, Alfredo Di Filippo, Klemen Novak, Andreas Papadopoulos, Gianluca Piovesan, Cyrille B K Rathgeber, José Raventós, Miguel Angel Saz, Kevin T Smith, Jožica Gričar, Katarina Čufar, José Raventós, Bruno Fady, Hacer Semerci, Giovanni Giuseppe Vendramin, James T Fisher, Robert W Neumann, John G Mexal, T P Fournier, G Battipaglia, B Brossier, C Carcaillet, J Diego Galván, J Julio Camarero, C Ginzler, Ulf Büntgen, Carol Griggs, Charlotte Pearson, Sturt W Manning, Brita Lorentzen, Bilgin Guller, Kani Isik, Senay Cetinay, Christian Körner, Dimitrios Sarris, Dimitrios Christodoulakis, Juan Carlos Linares, Karim Senhadji, Asier Herrero, José A Hódar, Nili Liphschitz, Zvi Mendel, Raúl Sánchez-Salguero, J Julio Camarero, Andrea Hevia, Jaime Madrigal-González, Juan Carlos Linares, Juan A Ballesteros-Canovas, Angela Sánchez-Miranda, Raquel Alfaro-Sánchez, Gabriel Sangüesa-Barreda, J Diego Galván, Emilia Gutiérrez, Mar Génova, Andreas Rigling, Dimitrios Sarris, Dimitrios Christodoulakis, Christian Körner, Rolf Siegwolf, Christian Körner, Ramzi Touchan, K J Anchukaitis, V V Shishov, F Sivrikaya, J Attieh, M Ketmen, J Stephan, I Mitsopoulos, Andreas K Christou, David M Meko, Gregg M Garfin, David M Meko, Gary Funkhouser, Nesat Erkan, Malcolm K Hughes, Brian S Wallin, А В Вендин, В И Демкин, М В Добронравова

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


We investigated the variability of the climate-growth relationship of Aleppo pine across its distribution range in the Mediterranean Basin. We constructed a network of tree-ring index chronologies from 63 sites across the region. Correlation function analysis identified the relationships of tree-ring index to climate factors for each site. We also estimated the dominant climatic gradients of the region using principal component analysis of monthly, seasonal, and annual mean temperature and total precipitation from 1,068 climatic gridpoints. Variation in ring width index was primarily related to precipitation and secondarily to temperature. However, we found that the dendroclimatic relationship depended on the position of the site along the climatic gradient. In the southern part of the distribution range, where temperature was generally higher and precipitation lower than the regional average, reduced growth was also associated with warm and dry conditions. In the northern part, where the average temperature was lower and the precipitation more abundant than the regional average, reduced growth was associated with cool conditions. Thus, our study highlights the substantial plasticity of Aleppo pine in response to different climatic conditions. These results do not resolve the source of response variability as being due to either genetic variation in provenance, to phenotypic plasticity, or a combination of factors. However, as current growth responses to inter-annual climate variability vary spatially across existing climate gradients, future climate-growth relationships will also likely be determined by differential adaptation and/or acclimation responses to spatial climatic variation. The contribution of local adaptation and/or phenotypic plasticity across populations to the persistence of species under global warming could be decisive for prediction of climate change impacts across populations. In this sense, a more complex forest dynamics modeling approach that includes the contribution of genetic variation and phenotypic plasticity can improve the reliability of the ecological inferences derived from the climate-growth relationships.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAgricultural and Forest Meteorology
PublisherElsevier Science B.V.
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)92-9043-571-2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Publication series

NameAgricultural and Forest Meteorology


  • $δ$13C
  • $δ$18O
  • Agriculture
  • Aleppo pine
  • Annual precipitation reconstruction
  • Basal area increment
  • Calabrian pine
  • Cambial age
  • Chemical
  • Clearcutting
  • Climate change
  • Climatic change
  • Cyprus
  • Dendrochronology
  • Dendroclimatic reconstruction
  • Dendroclimatology
  • Dendroecology
  • Disturbance ecology
  • Diurnal temperature range
  • Drought
  • Drought record
  • Drought stress
  • Ecosystem
  • Ecosystem response
  • Elevational gradient
  • European pine sawfly
  • Fire
  • Fire scar
  • Forest
  • Forest growth
  • Forest protection
  • Geopotential height
  • Global warming
  • Greece
  • Juvenile wood
  • Latitudinal gradient
  • MILL
  • Matsucoccus
  • Mature wood
  • Mediterranean
  • Mediterranean Basin
  • Mediterranean forest
  • Mediterranean region
  • Minimum temperature
  • Mixed-effects models
  • Morphological and physiological examination
  • Mortality
  • NAO
  • Nested reconstruction
  • North atlantic oscillation
  • Pinus
  • Pinus brutia
  • Pinus brutia (Ten.)
  • Pinus brutia Ten.
  • Pinus sylvestris
  • Population dynamics
  • Precipitation
  • Prescribed burning
  • QiPh{_}ring
  • RING
  • Radial growth
  • Regeneration
  • SITE
  • Seed crop
  • Seed dispersal
  • Shelterwood
  • Strip clearcut
  • Synoptic climatology analysis
  • Taxonomy
  • Thaumetopoea pityocampa
  • Thaumetopoea pityocampa Schiff
  • Thinning
  • Tree cohort
  • Tree rings
  • Tree-rings
  • Troodos massif
  • Vulnerability
  • Water
  • Wood density
  • acetic acid ethyl ester
  • air pollution
  • annual
  • article
  • biopreparations
  • brutian pine
  • cambial activity
  • climate change
  • cluster analysis
  • controlled study
  • correlation analysis
  • defoliation
  • dendrochronology
  • dendroecology
  • drought climatology
  • effect
  • expressed population signal
  • false rings
  • general circulation models
  • geographic distribution
  • growth loss
  • harmfulness
  • increment and growth loss
  • insecticides
  • mediterranean basin
  • morphology
  • nonhuman
  • november 2013
  • oil industry
  • pinus
  • plant growth
  • precipitation
  • processionary moth
  • radial growth
  • received 25 july 2013
  • resin canals
  • revised manuscript accepted 28
  • thin layer chromatography
  • tracheids
  • tree
  • tree ring
  • tree ring analysis
  • tree-ring
  • turkey
  • western Mediterranean
  • wood formation


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