A non-invasive diagnostic tool to assess remodeling of the lung airways caused by disease is currently missing in the clinic. Measuring key features such as airway smooth muscle (ASM) thickness would increase the ability to improve diagnosis and enable treatment evaluation. In this research, polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) has been used to image a total of 24 airways from two healthy lungs and four end-stage diseased lungs ex vivo, including fibrotic sarcoidosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), fibrotic hypersensitivity pneumonitis, and cystic fibrosis. In the diseased lungs, except COPD, the amount of measured airway smooth muscle was increased. In COPD, airway smooth muscle could not be distinguished from surrounding collagen. COPD lungs showed increased alveolar size. 3D pullbacks in the same lumen provided reproducible assessment of airway smooth muscle (ASM). Image features such as thickened ASM and size/presence of alveoli were recognized in histology. The results of this study are preliminary and must be confirmed with further ex vivo and in vivo studies. PS-OCT is applicable for in vivo assessment of peribronchial and peribronchiolar lung structures and may become a valuable tool for diagnosis in pulmonology.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Biomedical Optics Express|
|Early online date||7 Oct 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (918.10.628); Laserlab-Europe (EC-GA 654148, EC-GA 871124); Heidelberg Engineering.
© 2021 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement