|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Security and Emergency Management|
|Editors||Lauren R. Shapiro, Marie-Helen Maras|
|Place of Publication||Cham|
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
Policing is a very wide, and expanding, concept. While it naturally has a strong connection with “the police” as the entity for the execution of the monopoly over legitimate use of force by the state, policing as a concept goes much further than just the actions of the public police. For example, policing may involve regulatory agencies (see, e.g., Mascini and Van Erp 2014), civilians (see, e.g., Van Steden 2009), and private security firms (see, e.g., South 1988). In this contribution, the concept of policing will be unpacked. In current society, “policing” can no longer be seen as the sole responsibility of any state actor, and so, both the public and the private side of policing are discussed.
- Public versus private