Policy instruments for evolution of bounded rationality: Application to climate-energy problems

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Abstract

We demonstrate how an evolutionary agent-based model can be used to evaluate climate policies that take the heterogeneity of strategies of individual agents into account. An essential feature of the model is that the fitness of an economic strategy is determined by the relative welfare of the associated agent as compared to its immediate neighbors in a social network. This enables the study of policies that affect relative positions of individuals. We formulate two innovative climate policies, namely a prize, altering directly relative welfare, and advertisement, which influences the social network of interactions. The policies are illustrated using a simple model of global warming where a resource with a negative environmental impact-fossil energy-can be replaced by an environmentally neutral yet less cost-effective alternative, namely renewable energy. It is shown that the general approach enlarges the scope of economic policy analysis. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-93
Number of pages18
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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