Political spaces, dimensionality decline and party competition

César García-Díaz*, Gilmar Zambrana-Cruz, Arjen Van Witteloostuijn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


We built a computational model of political party competition in order to gain insight into the effect of the decrease in the number of relevant political issues (dimensions), and the change of their relative importance, on the number of surviving political parties, their strategy performance, and the degree of political party fragmentation. Particularly, we find that when there is a dimensionality reduction (i.e., a change from a two-dimensional issue space to a one-dimensional one, or, a substantial decrement in one of the issue's relative importance with respect to the other), the number of political parties declines, as does the overall degree of party fragmentation in the system. Regarding party strategies, we observe that, after the dimensionality reduction, (i) the inert parties tend to improve their performance in terms of party numbers (i.e., more inert parties survive, relatively speaking); (ii) the population of large-size seekers declines, (iii) the few large-size seeker survivors, in general, cushion their increased mortality hazard with increased size (i.e., increased number of supporters); and, finally, (iv) the mortality hazard increases with distance to the mean voter spot.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13500197
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • agent-based modeling
  • dimensionality decline
  • organizational ecology
  • Political party competition


Dive into the research topics of 'Political spaces, dimensionality decline and party competition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this